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Tough Love: Re-Wilding an Orphaned Tamandua

My name is Duncan Coleman and I am the surrogate father of an orphaned tamandua anteater. I grew up in Wimberley, Texas, but now I live in Palo Alto where I attend Stanford University. I am in my senior year of undergrad majoring in Earth Systems. I work as an independent researcher at the TRR release site. As the surrogate father of an anteater, I am the teacher, protector, and provider all in one. Unlike many parents, I do not give my child comfort or affection – I give “tough love,” the kind of love a wild animal needs so it stays wild and doesn’t become attached to people; the kind of love she needs to be free.

For the last month, I’ve had the great privilege of working at the Toucan Rescue Ranch (TRR) Release Site in Sarapiquí, Costa Rica, to re-wild an orphaned female juvenile Tamandua mexicana. Her name is Pebbles. In March, at just one month of age, Pebbles’ mother was severely wounded by a passing automobile. Tragically, Pebbles and her mother are not the only victims: roads are one of the biggest threats to tamanduas, according to the IUCN. Luckily, Pebbles was rescued and raised by the kind, hardworking staff, and volunteers of TRR. Then, on October 27, Pebbles arrived at the TRR Release Site for the final stage of her journey back to the rainforest. 

This is where I come in. My job is to help Pebbles learn the behaviors she needs to become independent – to ensure she knows the ecological skills she will need to survive. Every day I take her in a kennel to the nearby forest to practice climbing trees and foraging for ants and termites, their primary food sources. Although I give Pebbles “tough love,” my heart is on an emotional rollercoaster ride during these forest training sessions, plunging suddenly into panicked worry if I lose sight of her in the dense forest canopy, then soaring high with pride and awe as I watch her wreak devastation on a city of termites like a furry, long-nosed Godzilla.

Pebbles will be the fourth tamandua I’ve helped reintroduce into the wild. However, she is the first tamandua I will have the privilege of tracking and observing once released — something I’ve dreamed of doing for years — with the aid of a VHF radio harness custom built by Telonics Inc. This would have never been possible without the support of my university. Stanford awarded me a Major Grant to re-wild and study the activity patterns and space use of Pebbles as part of my research for my honor’s thesis in the Earth Systems Program. To my knowledge, this will be the first radio-tracking reintroduction study of a hand-raised orphaned Tamandua mexicana

If this wasn’t groundbreaking enough, BBC film director Simon Baxter has offered for a team of specialists to build a mini-camera to be attached to Pebbles harness to aid with this research. Tamanduas are notoriously difficult to observe directly because they climb high in the dense forest canopy, are often active at night, and prefer to sleep far out of sight in burrows and tree hollows. This mini-camera will allow us to record and film previously unobservable aspects of the tamandua’s natural history. How exciting is that? 

In the past month already, I’ve recorded Pebbles consuming bromeliad seeds several times –  a feeding behavior which, to my knowledge, is new to science. A week ago Pebbles surprised us all when she had her first period, reaching sexual maturity three months earlier than expected. I know that many new exciting discoveries and experiences await Pebbles and me on our journey together. Wish me luck as I continue to prepare her for independent life in the wild!

In honor of #tamanduaday, you can directly DM Duncan about his research or tamanduas on Instagram at duncan_coleman_. Also, follow Toucan Rescue Ranch on social media for updates on Pebbles. 

Happy belated Tamandua Day!

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